Emerging sharing modes, like the consumer-to-consumer (C2C) sharing of Uber and the business-to-consumer (B2C) sharing of GoFun, have considerably affected the retailing markets of traditional manufacturers, who are motivated to consider product sharing when making pricing and capacity decisions, particularly electric car manufacturers with limited capacity. In this paper, we examine the equilibrium pricing for a capacity-constrained manufacturer under various sharing modes and further analyze the impact of capacity constraint on the manufacturer’s sharing mode selection as well as equilibrium outcomes. We find that manufacturers with low-cost products prefer B2C sharing while those with high-cost products prefer C2C sharing except when the sharing price is moderate. However, limited capacity motivates manufacturers to enter into the B2C sharing under a relatively low sharing price, and raise the total usage level by sharing high-cost products. We also show that the equilibrium capacity allocated to the sharing market with low-cost products first increases and then decreases. Finally, we find that sharing low-cost products with a high limited capacity leads to a lower retail price under B2C sharing, which creates a win-win situation for both the manufacturer and consumers. However, sharing high-cost products with a low limited capacity creates a win-lose situation for them.
capacity allocation, pricing, product sharing, sharing mode
本文于2020年4月正式发表于物流与工业工程领域顶级期刊Naval Research Logisitcs第67卷第4期。该期刊为经管院A-类期刊，每年总发文量约60篇。本文主要研究了共享经济环境下产能约束如何影响制造商的共享模式决策。奴宇系戴宾教授指导的2019届物流管理专业的本科毕业生，当前在美国常青藤名校康奈尔大学Johnson商学院攻读博士。