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贸易与发展论坛第79期
时间:2020-10-28    点击数:



讲座主题:The Political Economy of Responses to COVID-19 in the U.S.A.

主讲人: 崔知涵,哥伦比亚大学国际与公共事务学院博士候选人

讲座时间:10月30日(周五)10:00—11:00

讲座地点:经管院A221

主办单位:武汉大学经济与管理学院世界经济系,主持人:郭汝飞



讲座提要:Social distancing via shelter-in-place (SIP) strategies and wearing masks have emerged as the most effective ways to combat COVID-19. In the United States, choices about these policies are made by individual states. Here we show that the policy choice made by one state influences the choices that other states make: these choices can be viewed as strategic complements in a supermodular game. If they satisfy the condition of uniform strict increasing differences then if enough states engage in social distancing or mask wearing, they will tip others to do the same and thus shift the Nash equilibrium. Political orientation is an important factor in determining a state’s willingness to implement mask-wearing or SIP strategies. We consider a situation where interactions amongst states are strongest between those of similar political orientations and show there can be equilibria where states with different politics adopt different strategies. In this case a group of states of one political orientation may by changing their choices tip others of the same orientation, but not those whose orientations differ. We test these ideas empirically using probit and logit models and find strong confirmation that states’ choices of SIP and mask-wearing policies are influenced by the actions of other states, and that equilibria can be tipped as the theory predicts. Policy choices appear to be influenced by the number of new COVID-19 cases in the state and the number of cumulative cases. The choice of mask-wearing policy shows more sensitivity to the actions of other states than the choice of SIP policies.


主讲人简介:崔知涵,哥伦比亚大学国际与公共事务学院博士候选人。研究方向涉及经济学和心理学的多个领域,主要研究方向为行为经济学、政治经济学、人格心理学和文化心理学,尤其在新冠肺炎相关领域有较多研究经验。非盈利研究机构“荣格斯认知实验室”创始人。